Tarea: Mandatos informales
Write your own composition using as many tú command forms as
possible. Some possibilities:
A set of instructions for someone to carry out (jobs, for example).
Instructions on how to accomplish something such as setting up a lavish meal,
assembling an item, doing household chores, etc.,
Translate the following selection into good Spanish. It consists of a set
of instructions Doña Ana has left for her servant and cook Norma,
as well other instructions for another servant, Marta, and for the gardener,
Diego. Assume that all commands are in the singular familiar form
(tú) unless a command is specifically addressed to more than
one individual, in which case it may either be in the ustedes or
vosotros form, depending on your preference. You may skip the parts
in parentheses or do them for extra credit. Remember to write out all numbers.
Norma: get up at 5:30, wash up or take a bath, get dressed in your
regular clothes, and be ready to work by 6:00.
Wake the children at 6:15
and give the youngest a bath.
Fix breakfast and serve it
to everyone; don't give the oldest any orange juice.
Send the girls to school.
Take the littlest one to Linda's house for the day.
(The lawn mower is broken;
therefore,) tell Diego 1not to cut the grass, 2but
rather 1to repair the windows.
Norma and Marta: shop for food. Buy only the best fruits. Don't pay
more than 150 pesos per kilo for vegetables.
Norma: call Mrs. Ramírez on the phone and tell her
1to meet me tomorrow at 2:30.
Prepare a good lunch, using
the piece of ham in the refrigerator; make pudding for dessert. (Have Marta
wash the dishes.)
Wash the clothes. Iron don
Jorge's shirts very carefully; he 3has less than half a dozen
left. Please don't burn them!
The lamps are dirty; clean
them and don't break them!
Diego: We loaned Mr. Moreno several tools a week ago; go to
his house and ask him for them.
Norma: let the children eat supper at Mrs. Ortega's house.
Fix tacos or burritos for
yourselves and don Jorge, but don't serve him any 4hot sauce.
See a movie if you want to,
but don't go through the park because violent things have been happening
there for two weeks.
Set the table for tomorrow
Lock up the house and main
gate by 10:00 and go to bed or at least go to your room.
1 Not to cut and to
repair and to meet me involve a change of subject after
a verb of influence. What construction is necessary? Infinitive or something
2 But rather what follows
this is a clause which contradicts something negated earlier in the sentence.
What conjunction is needed? Pero or something else?
3 Has ... left. There
is a special verb meaning to be left (to someone), used in the
same type of construction as gustar.
4 Hot in the sense of
Fred F. Jehle