Windows/DOS computers have always had all the Spanish characters resident inside them except for uppercase accented vowels, and most modern programs can create those and many others as well. Here are some ways in which you can insert these characters in your documents.
|=||160||tilde + n||
|=||130||tilde + N||
|=||163||left angled quotes||
|=||144||right angled quotes||
To create these characters in virtually every WINDOWS/DOS program: hold down the Alt key as type of shift key, and while doing so enter the ASCII value on the numeric keypad (on the right side of the keyboard), then release the Alt key. Note: you may have to have the Num Lock key turned on for this option to work.
Another option for Windows 95/98/etc. users is to select the (English) United States International keyboard. Follow the steps outlined above for Spanish keyboards [My computer icon, or Start / Settings, then click on Keyboard, then select the tab Language, then click on the box add], but choose English; then under properties select United States International). This keyboard lets you create all the accented characters in French, German, and Spanish by first using a dead1 accent key ( ' [apostrophe], ", `, ^, and ~) and then a vowel or the letter c to produce a character. For example, using the apostrophe key followed by an a gives á. Use the tilde plus n to produce ñ (or the accent grave key plus a vowel to create characters like à, or the double quotes key plus a vowel for letters such as ü, or the caret plus e for ê). This works with capital letters as well. You can also use the right-side Alt key a type of shift key to create these same Spanish characters; that is, you can produce all the accented vowels and the ñ in Spanish using Alt-a, Alt-e, Alt-i, Alt-o, Alt-u, Alt-n. Some other characters possible: Alt-? = ¿; Alt-! = ¡; , Alt-[ = «; Alt-] = »; Alt-, = ç; Alt-c = ©; Alt-s = ß.2 I use this keyboard almost exclusively since I often must produce characters in French and German as well as Spanish and English. The only problems I've encountered are: parts of a few Windows programs may not accept the Alt shortcuts, and you need to remember to use a space character following a dead key to cancel the dead feature in certain situations such as to produce A rather than Ä.1
1 If you want to use one of the
dead keys for the character indicated on the keycap, hit that
key and then go ahead and either type the next character if it's not
a vowel or c or else hit the space bar; the character indicated
on the keycap will appear and a space will not be inserted into the text.]
2 Do not use the shift key when using Alt.
Even though you may get the desired foreign language character on the screen, occasionally you may have problems printing it in your document; fortunately modern ink-jet and laser printers are now generally excellent at producing West-European language characters.
|Contact: Fred Jehle <firstname.lastname@example.org>||
Home page http://users.ipfw.edu/jehle/
|Indiana University-Purdue University Ft.Wayne|
|Fort Wayne, IN 46805-1499 USA||