Translation of Lectura 5 - "La población de España, en los siglos dieciséis y veinte"

The Population of Spain, in the sixteenth and twentieth centuries

After the exile of one hundred and fifty million Jews, the population of Spain in fourteen hundred ninety-two hovered around five million persons. During the sixteenth century, under the kinds Charles the Fifth and Phillip the Second, the population grew at (a rate of) forty percent. But an average of ten thousand five hundred persons

The "New World" was soon divided in new provinces or viceroyalties. Its inhabitants, after fifty or a hundred years, came to form a new ethnic group, the Creoles. The Creoles were the children of male Spaniards and Indian women. There hard were any children of Spanish women and Indian men, because very few Spanish women emigrated (to the New World).

In the year fifteen hundred, at the end of the fifteenth century, there were many languages in Spain. They corresponded to the different ethnic groups: converted Jews, called "converts," Moors, Castilians, Valencians, Galicians, and Basques. In the sixteenth century Castilian was declared the national language, not only (the) Castilian language but (the) Spanish (language). The use of Valencian or Catalan for written texts disappeared before the end of the seventeenth century. The population of Cataluña only grew at a figure of 0.3 percent

At the end of the nineteenth century, there was a Renaissance of the Valencian language, now known as Catalan. During the period of the dictator Franco, from nineteen thirty-nine to nineteen seventy-five, newspapers and broadcasts in Catalan were prohibited. Now, in nineteen ninety-eight, at the end of the twentieth century, there is a movement of revindication of the autonomous regions, of resurrection of all the regional languages.