My research is focused mainly on two themes: the development of political institutions and the building of new democracies. Most of my research to date has examined the development of political parties in the post-communist democracies of Central and Eastern Europe. Some of my most recent research addresses related issues of international relations, political economy, and human rights. 



Educational Background


Ph.D. in Politics, Brandeis University, May 2000.

Fulbright Scholar, Budapest, Hungary, October 1996 to July 1997.

B.A., Haverford College, May 1987.





James Toole. “The Historical Foundations of Party Politics in Post-Communist East Central Europe”. Europe-Asia Studies 59(4) (June 2007): 541-566.


James Toole and April Henning. “Does International Moral Suasion Influence Democratic Development? The Nobel Peace Prize and Political Reform in Burma and East Timor”. Journal of Social, Economic, and Political Studies 31(4) (Winter 2006): 414-446.


James G. Toole and James M. Lutz. “Trade Policies of the Formerly Centrally Planned Economies”. Global Economy Journal 5(3) (September 2005).


James Toole. “Straddling the East-West Divide: Party Organisation and Communist Legacies in East Central Europe”. Europe-Asia Studies 55(1) (January 2003): 101-118.


James Toole. “Government Formation and Party System Stabilization in East Central Europe”. Party Politics 6(4) (October 2000): 4441-61.


James G. Toole. “Hungary: The Right Returns to Power”. In Peter Rutland, ed., Annual Survey of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union: 1998. New York: East West Institute, 1999.



Forthcoming Publications


James Toole. “Political Parties and Policies in Central and Eastern Europe”. Will appear in the forthcoming International Encyclopedia of Public Policy: Governance in a Global Age (London: Routledge).



Conference Papers


“The Nobel Peace Prize and Democratization: The Cases of Burma and East Timor”. Paper (co-authored with April Henning) delivered at the Northeastern Political Science Association (NPSA) Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, November 2004.


“Economic Systems in Transition: Trade Policies of the Former Centrally Planned Economies.” Paper (co-authored with James M. Lutz) delivered at the International Trade and Finance Association (IT&FA) 13th Annual Conference, Vaasa, Finland, May 2003.


 “Do Parties Matter? Evaluating Competing Claims about the Contributions Political Parties Make to Democratization”. Paper delivered at the NPSA Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, November 2001.


 “Party Organization: A Test of Elite and Social Influences on East Central European Party Development”. Paper delivered at the New England Political Science Association (NEPSA) Annual Meeting, Hartford, CT, May 2000.


 “Government Formation and Party System Freezing in East Central Europe”. Paper delivered at the NPSA Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, November 1998.


“Party Development in Hungary: A Question of Elite Accountability”. Paper delivered at the 1997 Hungarian Fulbright Research Conference, Budapest, Hungary, April 1997.