Many people become involved in a project such as this. I would like to express my thanks to the members of the agencies and institutions without whom the project could never have been begun and completed, especially Mr. Maxwell Ramsey, Mr. J. Bennett Graham, Mr. Thomas Waller, and Dr. Major C.R. McCollough of the Tennessee Valley Authority; Dr. Bennie Keel and Dr. Stephanie Rodeffer of the National Park Service; and Dr. William M. Bass and Dr. Carl O. Thomas, the University of Tennessee.
The 1976 excavations were supervised by Dr. Alfred K. Guthe, Principal Investigator, and directed by Dr. Gerald F. Schroedl. I would like to thank Dr. Guthe for making unpublished information concerning the 1973-4 excavations at the site available to me. I would like to offer special thanks to Dr. Schroedl for his help in reconstructing the 1976 field season and, more importantly, for the stimulating discussions we had concerning Cherokee archaeology.
Field assistant for the 1976 excavations was Robert Newman.
Ann Magennis supervised the burial excavations.
The field crew consisted of:
The Principal Investigator for the 1979-83 site analysis was Dr. Jefferson Chapman. At times consultation and advice from friends and colleagues were required. I would like to express my appreciation to Mr. James Bates, Mr. Larry Kimball, Mr. Stephen Davis, Mr. Thomas Ford, Mr. Brett Riggs, Mr. Richard Polhemus, and Dr. Carl Kuttruff for their expert advice which greatly facilitated the production of the report.
This report required the technical services of a great many people. Acknowledging their work does not adequately express my gratitude for their efforts and perseverance. These people include: Mr. Richard Anuskiewicz (analysis of postmolds), Mrs. Marla Baden (data entry), Ms. Nancy Bell (lithic identification), Mr. Neal Brun (drafting), Mr. Arthur Bogan (faunal identification), Ms. Linda F. Carnes (identification of all Euro-American artifacts and authorship of Appendix II), Ms. Marion Drescher (drafting), Dr. David Glassman (analysis of the burial material and authorship of Appendix III), Ms. Andrea Brewer Shea (botanical identification) and Thomas Whyte (cover art work). All computer work was undertaken at the University of Tennessee's Computing Center, Knoxville. I would like to offer my thanks to Mrs. Alice Beauchene of UTCC for her ability to span two disciplines and solve problems and make suggestions as the need arose. I undertook the analysis of the aboriginal ceramics, development of a computer coding system for the site, all computer programing, and the authorship of Chapters 1-5.
The 1976 excavations at the site of the Cherokee village of Tomotley (40MR5) on the Little Tennessee River exposed 98,595 square feet of surface area. Following the removal of the plowzone with a self-loading pan, 147 features and 18 burials were excavated. A total of 2198 postmolds were exposed and 19 structures were identified. Identification procedures were applied to 14,051 aboriginal ceramic sherds, 6150 lithic artifacts, 11,893 Euro-American items, 4.85 kgms of botanical material, and 13,998 animal bones and shell fragments.
The assemblage of artifacts collected suggests that the site area has been occupied since the Early Archaic (7900-6100 B.C.). The most extensive occupations consisted of a Mississippian I/II (Martin Farm/Hiwassee Island) component represented by at least two structures and the apparent basal portion of one burial mound or cemetery, and a Cherokee occupation which produced the largest amount of material. Ethnohistoric accounts suggest that the historic village may have been founded and occupied by Lower, Middle, or Valley Cherokee refugees between 1751 and 1776. Archaeological evidence (structure form and ceramic types) corroborates this. Because archaeologically the site appears to represent a rather short term occupation with very little feature overlap, it provides evidence of clear patterns in refuse disposal practices and space utilization.
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