PSY 420 Personality Theories

Behavioral Approaches: Learning Theory

Learning- a relatively permanent change in behavior

.

.

.

Philosophical Position of Traditional Behaviorists

1. behavior is determined solely by external stimuli

.

.

.

.

2. rejected the importance of mental operations or feelings

.

.

.

.

Types of Learning

1. classical conditioning

.

2. operant conditioning

.

3. observational learning

.

.

Classical Conditioning- a procedure in which a neutral stimulus (e.g., a bell or buzzer) is paired

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Acquisition- the process of acquiring or building up a connection between a CS and the CR

Amount ......|

of................|

Salivation.....|

Explanations of the Conditioned Response

1. behavioral viewpoint

.

.

.

2. cognitive viewpoint

.

.

.

.

.

generalization

.

.

Amount ......|

of............... |

Salivation... |

discrimination- distinguishing between the original stimulus and stimuli that are very different

.

.

.

.

extinction- the process of weakening the association between the CS and the CR

.

.

.

.

.

.

Amount ......|

of ...............|

Salivation ....|

Operant Conditioning

Schedules of Reinforcement