Psychology 420

Lecture Notes

Assessment of Dispositions

 
 


Examples of the Factor Analytic Technique

1. The 16 PF- Cattell- used surface traits to find source traits

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2. The Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey

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Theory-Driven Instruments


Criticisms of the Trait Position by
Behaviorists and Social Learning Theorists

Walter Mischel (1968) Personality and Its Assessment

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Seymour Epstein (1978-1980)- rebuttal to Mischel

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Size of the .....1.00 +

Correlation ............|

between ................|

Odd-Day & ..........|

Even-Day....... .30 +

Scores.................. |

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Kenrick & Funder (1988) “Profiting from Controversy: Lessons from the Person-Situation Debate.”  American Psychologist,

43, 23-34.
Hypothesis 1
Personality is in the eye of the beholder

 
 
 
 
strong support for agreement between people who know each other

 
 
 
 
Hypothesis 4
Agreement between others’ ratings of the person is due to stereotypes based on other cues
unrelated to the trait

 
 
 
 
capability of predicting behavior must arise from something other than the use of mindless
stereotypes

 
 
 
 
 
 
Hypthesis 7
The relationship between traits and behavior are “too small” to be important