Psychology 420

Phenomenological Strategies

Conceptions

phenomenon- an observable fact or event, known through the senses rather than by thought or by

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Phenomenology-

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Common Themes of Phenomenological Theorists

1. not concerned with personality structure

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2. concerned with cognition-

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Existential Psychology

Existential Psychology- an "empirical science" of human existence that employs the method of

existentialism-

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Ludwig Binswanger and Medard Boss- Swiss psychiatrists credited with important early

Comparison of Existential Psychology with Other Viewpoints

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Important Concepts in Existential Psychology

1. Dasein- a German word with no exact translation

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3. ground of existence

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4. dynamics of existence

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Why does suffering exist if people have free choice and could choose more positive cources of action for themselves?

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Evaluation of Existential Psychology

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Humanistic Psychology

humanistic psychology- an off-shoot of existential psychology

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Four Principles of the Association of Humanistic Psychology

1. the experiencing person is of primary interest

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2. human choice, creativity, and self-actualization are the preferred topics of research

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3. meaningfulness must take precedence over objectivity in research

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4. the ultimate concern of psychology should be the dignity of the person

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Person-Centered Psychology- Carl Rogers

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Personality Structure

1. the organism

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2. the self

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3. the relationship between the organism and the self

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Dynamics "The organism has one basic tendency and striving--to actualize, maintain, and enhance

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self-actualization

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Problems in Personality Development

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The Process of Defense

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Restoring harmony between the self and organismic experience

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Client-Centered Therapy

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Evaluation of the Theory

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Methods for Evaluating Self-Perceptions