Nosotros commands are the equivalent of Let's plus a verb in English, for example, Let's dance!. In Spanish, they may be expressed in two ways, using the vamos a + infinitive construction or the subjunctive. Remember that as with all command forms, negatives are based on the subjunctive and object pronouns are attached to the end of affirmative forms.
In the affirmative form the Vamos a + infinitive construction has two meanings. For example, Vamos a bailar can mean We are going to dance (or We will dance), as well as Let's dance, depending on the context or the intent of the speaker. It is safer to use exclamation points to indicate its use as a nosotros command. There are two items to remember, however: 1) the reflexive form is ¡Vámonos! (Let's leave!; note the omission of the first s), and 2) negative forms are based on the subjunctive, vayamos.
¡Vamos a divertirnos! Let's have some fun! ¡Vámonos! Let's leave/beat it/get out of here! No vayamos a almorzar ahora. Let's not eat lunch now. ¡No nos vayamos! Let's not leave.
The first-person plural forms of the present subjunctive can be used to express both affirmative and negative nosotros commands, that is, the equivalent of Let's + verb. Remember that: 1) if object pronouns are used, they must be attached to the end of affirmative commands, and this will always require a written accent in the nosotros forms; 2) the first s of the affirmative reflexive ending is lost, that is -mosnos becomes -monos as in ¡Durmámonos! (Let's go to sleep!); 3) when se (representing the pronoun le or les before another object pronoun beginning with the letter l) is attached to the end of an affirmative command, the resulting ss is reduced to s (¡Mandémoselo!, Let's send it to him/her/them! [not ¡Mandémosselo!]
¡Hablemos de otra cosa! Let's talk about something else! ¡Comamos afuera esta noche! Let's eat out tonight! ¡Vivamos en paz! Let's live in peace! ¡No se lo digamos! Let's not tell (it to) him/her/them! ¡Sentémonos! Let's sit down! ¡Démoselo! Let's give it to him/her/them!
|Contact: Fred F. Jehle|
|Indiana University - Purdue University Ft. Wayne|
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