Tenses of the Indicative and Subjunctive Moods in Spanish
|Future||hablaré||(hablare)1||I will speak|
|Future perfect||habré hablado||(hubiere hablado)1||I will have spoken|
|Present||hablo||hable||I speak / am speaking / do speak|
|Present perfect||he hablado||haya hablado||I have spoken (or spoke in subj.)|
|Imperfect||hablaba||hablara / hablase2||I spoke / was speaking|
|Past perfect||había hablado||hubiera hablado||I had spoken|
|*Conditional3||hablaría||I would speak|
|*Conditional perfect3||habría hablado||I would have spoken|
1 The future and future perfect subjunctive
tenses are very rarely used in modern Spanish, but may be found in literature.
Ordinarily they are replaced by the present subjunctive.
2 The alternate imperfect subjunctive, the -se forms, are usually not taught at the first and second levels of college Spanish, but they are still in use in parts of the Hispanic world.
3 Technically, the conditional and conditional perfect are often considered tenses of a special mood, the conditional, rather than part of the indicative mood.
|Contact: Fred F. Jehle|
|Indiana University - Purdue University Ft. Wayne|
|Fort Wayne, IN 46805-1499 USA||