Tenses of the Indicative and Subjunctive Moods in Spanish

INDICATIVE MOOD

SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD

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Future hablaré (hablare)1 I will speak
Future perfect habré hablado (hubiere hablado)1 I will have spoken
Present hablo hable I speak / am speaking / do speak
Present perfect he hablado haya hablado I have spoken (or spoke in subj.)
 

P
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Imperfect hablaba hablara / hablase2 I spoke / was speaking
Preterit hablé I spoke
Past perfect había hablado hubiera hablado I had spoken
*Conditional3 hablaría I would speak
*Conditional perfect3 habría hablado I would have spoken

     1 The future and future perfect subjunctive tenses are very rarely used in modern Spanish, but may be found in literature. Ordinarily they are replaced by the present subjunctive.
     2 The alternate imperfect subjunctive, the -se forms, are usually not taught at the first and second levels of college Spanish, but they are still in use in parts of the Hispanic world.
     3 Technically, the conditional and conditional perfect are often considered tenses of a special mood, the conditional, rather than part of the indicative mood.


Contact: Fred F. Jehle

Home: http://users.ipfw.edu/jehle/

Indiana University - Purdue University Ft. Wayne
Fort Wayne, IN 46805-1499 USA

URL: http://users.ipfw.edu/jehle/courses/subindtn.htm