S407 Survey of Spanish Literature I F. Jehle

Don Quijote I, Chapters 7, 8, 16, 17


Chapter 3 [included in the book; you may read it, but are not obliged to]. Don Quijote realizes that he is not "officially" a knight, so he begs the innkeeper to perform the traditional knighting ceremony. The innkeeper agrees to do so, since his guest is obviously mad. First, however, Don Quijote must carry out the preliminaries, standing watch over (velar) his armor which takes place in the courtyard, since no chapel is available; while doing so he attacks and injures two muleteers who have the affrontery to move the armor to get water for their animals. The innkeeper loses his patience and "knights" Don Quijote.

Chapters 4-6 [not included in our book]. Quijote "rescues" a shepherd boy who is being whipped by his master for not doing his job (the boy comes off worse because of Quijote's intervention); then Quijote gets injured when he stops some merchants on the road and challenges them to admit the unequaled beauty of Dulcinea without even seeing her. A peasant from Don Quijote's village finds the wounded knight and takes him back home.

Chapter 7. Sancho Panza is finally introduced [what does panza mean?]. Here --and in the rest of the novel-- look at how he is portrayed. How is he compared to/contrasted with Don Quijote? How or why does his inclusion benefit the novel?

Chapter 8. The windmills (the single most famous adventure in Don Quijote). Compare/contrast the attitudes of master and squire regarding this common sight in La Mancha (windmills) and regarding the subsequent defeat.

Chapters 16-17. As the footnote explains (number 178), Don Quijote and Sancho arrive at an inn rather battered after a fight with some arrieros (caused by Rocinante's sexual interest in their mares). [This is not the same inn where Don Quijote was knighted.] Note the description of Maritornes (a serving girl in the inn, who also performs other services for the guests), and the fight scene(s)!!! I hope you laugh out loud, as I usually do when I read this part; it is a classic example of slapstick humor. There is more than just slapstick, however; notice how Rocinante's interests and actions foreshadow, or are echoed by, Don Quijote's fantasies and actions, and how in both cases the result is the same.

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Contact: Fred F. Jehle Home: http://users.ipfw.edu/jehle/
Indiana University - Purdue University Ft. Wayne Last updated: Oct. 29, 2002
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