S210 Second-Year Spanish Composition F. Jehle


Practice: The Subjunctive in Adverbial Clauses


For each sentence, if it were to be translated into good Spanish, determine:

  1. If it contains a adverbial phrase or an adverbial clause or no-such-beast [if no-such-beast, go on to the next sentence]
  2. If an adverbial preposition or adverbial conjunction should be used
  3. If the action in the adverbial clause is anticipated/hypothetical or viewed as finished/customary
  4. If the subjunctive or indicative or infinitive is needed.

Sentence

Adverbial
phrase/
clause/
no-such-
beast?
P/C/N

Prepo-
sition
or
conjunc-
tion?
P/C

Anticipated/
Hypothetical
or
finished/
customary?
A/H//F/U

Subj./
indic./
or
infin.?

S/Ind/Inf

1. I need to talk to you when you have a minute.  Clause  Conj. (cuando)  Antic.  Subj.
2. Ana won't go out with you until you shave and get a haircut.  Clause  Conj. (hasta que)  Antic.  Subj.
3. I want everyone to work tomorrow.  No (Noun clause which happens to contain an adverb)
4. I'll leave after I finish this job.  Clause  Prep. (después de)  (Antic.)  Inf.
5. Don't say that unless you mean it.  Clause  Conj.(a menos que)  Antic.  Subj.
6. I won't leave without telling her goodbye.  Phrase  Prep. (sin)  (Antic.)  Inf.
7. We'll play music so you can dance.  Clause  Conj. (para que)  Antic.  Subj.
8. He puts down the paper as soon as he reads the comics.  Clause  Conj. (tan pronto como / en cuanto / luego que)  Cust.  Indic.
9. I'll watch the play again because it's funny.  Clause  Conj. (porque)  Finished (or factual)  Indic.
10. Although he's writing well, he still needs to improve.  Clause  Conj. (aunque)  Finished (or factual)  Indic.
11. She'll paint the room however you tell her.  Clause  Conj. (como)  Antic./Hypo.  Subj.
12. Even if you give me a million dollars, I won't say who gave me the answer.  Clause  Conj. (aunque)  Antic./Hypo.  Subj.
13. When they get mad, that's the way they act.  Clause  Conj. (cuando [or al + infinitive)  Finished/Cust.  Indic. [or al + inf.]
14. José's going to rest while we play ball.  Clause  Conj. (mientras)  Antic.  Subj.
15. She doesn't want to publish the novel without you(r) designing a cover for it.  Clause  Conj. (sin que)  Antic.  Subj.
16. I'm doing my project just like your instructions describe.  Clause  Conj. (como)  Finished/Cust. (or factual)  Indic.

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[Subjunctive in Adverbial Clauses]


Contact: Fred F. Jehle

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Indiana University - Purdue University Ft. Wayne
Fort Wayne, IN 46805-1499 USA

URL: http://users.ipfw.edu/jehle/courses/s210/subadv2a.htm