S210 Second-Year Spanish Composition F. Jehle

Information on creating a bibliography


[Please note that many of the titles given in this document are fictious and are only listed here to serve as examples.]

     For this course you are expected to use the MLA style.  The source for the information given below [listed according to MLA bibliographic style] is:

Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 4th ed. New
     York: The Modern Language Association of America, 1995.

     A bibliography is a list of the works referred to in the text and notes of a term paper or article. It comes at the end of the paper and starts on a new page, labeled “Bibliografía” [or “Obras citadas”], and is double-spaced. The list is in alphabetical order by the last name of the authors; anonymous works are listed alphabetically by title (according to the first word in the title which is not a definite or indefinite article: the anonymous book La vida de Lazarillo de Tormes would be listed with the entries for the letter V, for vida). The first line of each entry starts at the left margin; subsequent lines are indented five spaces (a “hanging indent”).

     For a bibliographic entry, three pieces of information are given: 1) the author, 2) the title of the work, and 3) the place and date of publication, with periods separating these three types of information. More specifically, this information is given:

  1. The (principal) author's name, with last name first, then middle name(s) or initial. The names of additional authors for the work are not reversed. A period follows the name of the last author. When citing two or more works by the same author: 1) the author's name is indicated by three dashes for all entries after the first one; 2) the writer may list the works alphabetically by title or chronologically.

  2. The complete title, including the subtitle if there is one. These should be in italics or underlined (generally long published works), or in “quotation marks” (short works and unpublished ones). Exception: the Bible and books of the Bible are not indicated with either underlining or quotes. Normally the title is followed by a period.

  3. Place of publication, publisher, date:


Other information:
  1. Capitalization:
  2. Ranges of numbers, as in page numbers.

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Contact: Fred F. Jehle

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Indiana University - Purdue University Ft. Wayne
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URL: http://users.ipfw.edu/jehle/courses/biblio.htm