Contents of Lesson 7

Use of prepositions often same as English.

Preposition followed by noun.

Function of the prepositional phrase.

The subject of a verb will not follow a preposition.

Verb meaning and prepositions.

Words to memorize, I.

Lesson 7 - Use of Prepositions

In most respects the use of prepositions is the same as English.

Preposition followed by noun or noun substitute, forming a prepositional phrase. The word "preposition" means something placed (position) before (pre) something else. A preposition is followed by a noun or noun substitute (pronoun; infinitive; adjective with article), thus forming a prepositional phrase. The following are not sentences, since they have no verb:

Function of the prepositional phrase. The prepositional phrase as a whole serves as an adjectival or adverbial modifier. That is, it makes a noun or a verb more specific.

The subject of a verb will not follow a preposition. The object of the preposition is "tied" to the preposition and is not available for another sentence function.

Verb meaning and prepositions.


Words to Memorize, I

Words to memorize. Students taking this course have requested suggestions of words they should study. This is the first of a series of lists of such suggested words.

How to memorize. The key is repetition. Gradually eliminate the words you know, to focus on the difficult ones. I have found that writing words is a very productive exercise. Some techniques:


Words to Memorize: Prepositions

a to (but not translated when preceding a person who is a direct object, or before an infinitive); from (less often)
ante faced with (a situation)
antes de before (earlier than)
cerca de near
con with
de of, from (not translated before an infinitive)
debajo de underneath
delante de in front of (location)
dentro de inside of
desde since
después de after
detrás de behind
en in, on, at (en casa, at home)
encima de on top of
entre between, among
hasta until
mediante by means of
para for (a recipient), in order to
por along, by, for (in place of), in (por la mañana, in the morning), in exchange for, multiplied by
según according to
sin without
sobre on top of, about

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