Table of Pronouns

(Subject, Verb Object, and Prepositional Object)

Possessive adjectives are included since they look like and are sometimes confused with pronouns.

Note: In English, the propositional object pronouns are the same as the verb object pronouns: to him, to her, to us, to them. In Spanish, the prepositional object pronouns are the same as the subject pronouns: a él (literally "to he"), a ella ("to she"), a nosotros ("to we"), a ellos ("to they"). The first and second person singular, and the third person reflexive, have special prepositional object pronouns: a mí, a ti, a sí. This should not cause you difficulty in reading.


Forms in YELLOW are the same in both the singular and the plural.

Subject pronoun Possessive adjectives Verb object pronouns Prepositional object pronoun
Unstressed Stressed Reflexive pronoun Indirect object pronoun Direct object pronoun
yo mi, mis mío, mía, míos, mías me mí (with con, combines to form consigo)
tu, tus tuyo, tuya, tuyos, tuyas te ti (with con, combines to form contigo)
él, ella, usted (ello, neuter) su, sus suyo, suya, suyos, suyas se le lo, la (le)(2) él, ella, Ud., ello
(se)(1) (sí)(3) (with con, combines to form consigo)
nosotros, nosotras nuestro, nuestra, nuestros, nuestras nos nosotros, nosotras
vosotros, vosotras vuestro, vuestras, vuestros, vuestras os vosotros, vosotras
ellos, ellas, ustedes su, sus suyo, suya, suyos, suyas se les los, las (les)(4) ellos, ellas, Uds.
(se)(1) (sí)(3)(with con, combines to form consigo)


NOTES

1. Se is used as indirect object pronoun, replacing le or les, whenever it precedes a third person direct object pronoun. In other words, if there are two object pronouns together, which is not uncommon, and the first of them is a third person indirect object, it will be se rather than le or les. There is no "sense" to this detail, since se, being both singular and plural, is less precise than the forms it replaces.

2. In Spain le is used as masculine direct object pronoun, referring to either él or usted (when masculine).

3. is used reflexively only: Lo hace para sí, he/she/it does it for him/her/itself. combines with con to form consigo: Lo llevan consigo, they take it with them.

4. Les is used in Spain as a direct object pronoun corresponding to ustedes