Outline template for analytical/argumentative

research paper:

 

I.               Introduction

a.    Set the scene

b.    Narrow the scene

c.     Thesis statement = topic + opinion you will prove in this essay about this topic

II.              Body paragraph 1.

a.    Transitional element showing the reader how you got to this paragraph plus topic sentence about the first point you want to make about your thesis

b.    Source material or example showing what you mean by the topic sentence or proving your assertion/analysis in your topic sentence

c.     Reflection back on how that example or source proved your point

III.            Body paragraph 2.

a.    Transitional element showing the reader how you got to this paragraph plus topic sentence about the second point you want to make about your thesis

b.    Source material or example showing what you mean by the topic sentence or proving your assertion/analysis in your topic sentence

c.     Reflection back on how that example or source proved your point

IV.           Body paragraph 3.

a.    Transitional element showing the reader how you got to this paragraph plus topic sentence about the third point you want to make about your thesis

b.    Source material or example showing what you mean by the topic sentence or proving your assertion/analysis in your topic sentence

c.     Reflection back on how that example or source proved your point

V.             Body paragraph 4.

a.    Transitional element showing the reader how you got to this paragraph plus topic sentence about the fourth point you want to make about your thesis

b.    Source material or example showing what you mean by the topic sentence or proving your assertion/analysis in your topic sentence

c.     Reflection back on how that example or source proved your point

VI.           Body paragraph 5.

a.    Transitional element showing the reader that you are now gong to cede some territory to the opposition, plus topic sentence about the first point your opposition might make about your thesis statement

b.    Source material or example showing specifically what the opposition does or says to refute your own points

c.     Reflection back on what that quote or example apparently means to the opposition.

VII.          Body paragraph 6.

a.    Transitional element showing the reader that you are now going to contradict what the opposition says, plus topic sentence about the point you want to make that proves the opposition is wrong about their stance in the preceding paragraph

b.    Source material or example showing what you mean by the topic sentence or proving your assertion/analysis in your topic sentence

c.     Reflection back on how that example or source proved your point and has thoroughly trashed the opposition on this particular point.

VIII.        Body paragraph 7.

a.    Transitional element showing the reader how you got to this paragraph plus topic sentence about the second point your opposition might make about your thesis statement

b.    Source material or example showing specifically what the opposition does or says to refute your own points

c.     Reflection back on what that quote or example apparently means to the opposition.

IX.           Body paragraph 8.

a.    Transitional element showing the reader that you are now going to contradict what the opposition says, plus topic sentence about the point you want to make that proves the opposition is wrong about their stance in the preceding paragraph

b.    Source material or example showing what you mean by the topic sentence or proving your assertion/analysis in your topic sentence

c.     Reflection back on how that example or source proved your point and has thoroughly trashed the opposition on this issue

X.             Body paragraph 9.

a.    Transitional element showing the reader how you got to this paragraph plus topic sentence about the third point your opposition might make about your thesis statement

b.    Source material or example showing specifically what the opposition does or says to refute your own points

c.     Reflection back on what that quote or example apparently means to the opposition.

XI.           Body paragraph 10.

a.    Transitional element showing the reader that you are now going to contradict what the opposition says, plus topic sentence about the point you want to make that proves the opposition is wrong about their stance in the preceding paragraph

b.    Source material or example showing what you mean by the topic sentence or proving your assertion/analysis in your topic sentence

c.     Reflection back on how that example or source proved your point and thoroughly trashed the opposition on this issue

XII.          Body paragraph 11.

a.    Transitional element showing the reader that you are now going to wrap up the position of the opposition plus summary of their position

b.    Summary of your own refutations of their position

XIII.        Conclusion.

a.    Summary of your assertions that proved your thesis

b.    some thoughts on the implications of what you've just said or shown